Common Substitutions

Allspice - 1 teaspoon
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
1/4 teaspoon ginger
1/4 teaspoon cloves
Baking powder - 1 teaspoon
1/4 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar
OR
1/4 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 cup buttermilk (decrease liquid in recipe by 1/2 cup)
Broth - beef or chicken - 1 cup
1 bouillon cube plus 1 cup boiling water
OR
1 tablespoon soy sauce plus enough water to make 1 cup
OR
1 cup vegetable broth
Brown sugar - 1 cup, packed
1 cup white sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses
and decrease the liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup
OR
1 cup white sugar
OR
1 1/4 cups confectioners' sugar
Butter (salted) - 1 cup
1 cup margarine
OR
1 cup shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon salt
OR
7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt
OR
7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 teaspoon salt
Butter (unsalted) - 1 cup
1 cup shortening
OR
7/8 cup vegetable oil
OR
7/8 cup lard
Buttermilk - 1 cup
1 cup yogurt
OR
1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup
Cocoa - 1/4 cup
1 (1 ounce) square unsweetened chocolate
Corn syrup - 1 cup
1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water
OR
1 cup honey
OR
1 cup light treacle syrup
Cream (half and half) - 1 cup
7/8 cup milk plus 1 tablespoon butter
Cream (heavy) - 1 cup
1 cup evaporated milk
OR
3/4 cup milk plus 1/3 cup butter
Cream (light) - 1 cup
1 cup evaporated milk
OR
3/4 cup milk plus 3 tablespoons butter
Cream of tartar - 1 teaspoon
2 teaspoons lemon juice or vinegar
Egg - 1 whole (3 tablespoons)
2 1/2 tablespoons of powdered egg substitute plus 2 1/2 tablespoons water
OR
1/4 cup liquid egg substitute
OR
1/4 cup silken tofu pureed
OR
3 tablespoons mayonnaise
OR
1/2 a banana mashed with 1/2 teaspoon baking powder
OR
1 tablespoon powdered flax seed soaked in 3 tablespoons water
Fats for baking - 1 cup
1 cup applesauce
OR
1 cup fruit puree
Flour - Self Rising - 1 cup
7/8 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon of salt
Garlic - 1 clove
1/8 teaspoon garlic powder
OR
1/2 teaspoon granulated garlic
OR
1/2 teaspoon garlic salt - reduce salt in recipe
Honey - 1 cup
1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water
OR
1 cup corn syrup
OR
1 cup light treacle syrup
Hot pepper sauce - 1 teaspoon
3/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper plus 1 teaspoon vinegar
Ketchup - 1 cup
1 cup tomato sauce plus 1 teaspoon vinegar plus 1 tablespoon sugar
Lard - 1 cup
1 cup shortening
OR
7/8 cup vegetable oil
OR
1 cup butter
Lemon juice - 1 teaspoon
1/2 teaspoon vinegar
OR
1 teaspoon white wine
OR
1 teaspoon lime juice
Lemon zest - 1 teaspoon
1/2 teaspoon lemon extract
OR
2 tablespoons lemon juice
Lime juice - 1 teaspoon
1 teaspoon vinegar
OR
1 teaspoon white wine
OR
1 teaspoon lemon juice
Mace - 1 teaspoon
1 teaspoon nutmeg
Margarine - 1 cup
1 cup shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon salt
OR
1 cup butter
OR
7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt
OR
7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 teaspoon salt
Mayonnaise - 1 cup
1 cup sour cream
OR
1 cup plain yogurt
Milk - whole - 1 cup
1 cup soy milk
OR
1 cup rice milk
OR
1 cup water or juice
OR
1/4 cup dry milk powder plus 1 cup water
OR
2/3 cup evaporated milk plus 1/3 cup water
Molasses - 1 cup
mix together 3/4 cup brown sugar and 1 teaspoon cream of tartar
Mustard-prepared - 1 tablespoon
Mix together 1 tablespoon dried mustard, 1 teaspoon water, 1 teaspoon vinegar and 1 teaspoon sugar
Onion - 1 cup, chopped
1 cup chopped green onions
OR
1 cup chopped shallots
OR
1 cup chopped leeks
OR
1/4 cup dried minced onion
OR
1/4 cup onion powder
Shortening - 1 cup
1 cup butter
OR
1 cup margarine minus 1/2 teaspoon salt from recipe
Sour cream - 1 cup
1 cup plain yogurt
OR
1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough cream to make 1 cup
OR
3/4 cup buttermilk mixed with 1/3 cup butter
Sour milk - 1 cup
1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice mixed with enough milk to make 1 cup
Let stand 5 minutes to thicken
Soy sauce - 1/2 cup
4 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce mixed with 1 tablespoon water
Stock - beef or chicken - 1 cup
1 cube beef or chicken bouillon dissolved in 1 cup water
Sweetened condensed milk - 1 (14 ounce) can
3/4 cup white sugar mixed with 1/2 cup water and 1 1/8 cups dry powdered milk
Bring to a boil, and cook, stirring frequently until thickened, about 20 minutes
Vegetable oil - for baking - 1 cup
1 cup applesauce
OR
1 cup fruit puree
Vinegar - 1 teaspoon
1 teaspoon lemon or lime juice
OR
2 teaspoons white wine
White sugar - 1 cup
1 cup brown sugar
OR
1 1/4 cups confectioners' sugar
OR
3/4 cup honey
OR
3/4 cup corn syrup
Wine - 1 cup
1 cup chicken or beef broth
OR
1 cup fruit juice mixed with 2 teaspoons vinegar
OR
1 cup water
Yeast - active dry - 1 (.25 ounce) package
1 cake compressed yeast
OR
2 1/2 teaspoons active dry yeast
OR
2 1/2 teaspoons rapid rise yeast
Yogurt - 1 cup
1 cup sour cream
OR
1 cup buttermilk
OR
1 cup sour milk

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